FLORA OF CYPRUS
Cyprus hosts a great variety of different habitat types. The habitats' diversity reflects into a variety of micro-
Many of the taxa of Cyprus' flora and especially some of the endemics, are considered to be rare since they are found in small and few populations, in the island. The survival of many of these, is under immediate threat due to external, anthropogenic pressures. During the last few years, these pressures have been more intense, particularly because of certain factors such as changes in agriculture (extensive use of pesticides and fertilizers), rapid increase of tourism activities, expansion of the mountainous road network, urbanization of large natural areas, development of various activities within natural areas (military activities, quarrying, golf courses etc.), the introduction of non-
THE RED DATA BOOK OF THE FLORA OF CYPRUS
According to the Red Data Book of the Flora of Cyprus (2007) (which evaluates the conservation status of 328 species of Cyprus' flora, based to the criteria set by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)) 23 taxa are characterized as Regionally Extinct (RE), 46 as Critically Endangered (CR), 64 as Endangered (EN), 128 as Vulnerable (VU), 45 as Data Deficient (DD), 15 as Near Threatened (NT) and 7 as Least Concern (LC).
In addition, 45 out of the 328 species included in the Red Data Book of the Flora of Cyprus are Cyprus endemic. These are categorised as: 5 Critically Endangered (CR), 8 Endangered (EN) and 32 Vulnerable (VU).
In 2011, IUCN published the revised version of 'European Red List of Vascular Plants', which is the most updated evaluation of the conservation status, some of the most important plant taxa that are found in Europe. As a result, out of the 45 Cyprus endemic taxa included in the Red Data Book of the Flora of Cyprus, 10 are now characterised as Critically Endangered (CR), 5 as Endangered (EN), 25 as Vulnerable (VU), 1 as Near Threatened (NT) and 4 as Data Deficient (DD).
EUROPEAN AND INTERNATIONAL STATUS
Cyprus, as one of the 27 Member-
Such instruments are:
The Community Directive 92/43/EEC for the Conservation of Natural Habitats and the Wild Flora and Fauna (Habitats Directive),
The Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and the Natural Habitats (Bern Convention) and
The Convention on the International Trade of Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
To be more specific:
Eighteen taxa of Cyprus' flora, are included in Annex II of the Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC),
Finally, seven species of Cyprus' flora are included in the IUCN's publication 'The Top 50 Mediterranean Island Plants' which includes fifty of the rarest and most threatened species of the Mediterranean islands.